The Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein in Germany has an exhibition running until showing the history of home interior design and how it reflects social and political issues.
The exhibition features a loft inspired by Andy Warhol’s Factory, a 1930s style Cecil Beaton bedroom and a prefabricated American house.
Prominent authors in the 19th century, including Charles Dickens, Edgar Allen Poe and Oscar Wilde, wrote articles that expressed strong opinions about good interior design. At that time, architecture was considered a male profession, but acceptable for women to design the interior, which was regarded as an amateur hobby. A woman was called a ‘homemaker’ or ‘housewife’ to denote her responsibility for the inside of the home.
Until the 1920s, rooms contained lots of furniture and other objects. Minimal interiors appeared in the 1920s, which were a reaction against the cluttered looks of 19th-century rooms. They were also a response to a weak economy when many households could no longer afford to employ servants and needed rooms that were easy to clean.
Some architects see a home as a whole and design the interior and the exterior, but normally interior design is the homeowner’s responsibility and can change with every new occupant.
Many people prefer interior design trends from a hundred or more years ago. Lancashire antique dealers offer a fine selection of antique dining tables , chairs, desks, settees, cabinets and more that will recreate room designs from the 19th and early 20th century periods.
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